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Michael J. Horne » Papers

Elephants painting? Selfness and the emergence of self states as illustrated in conceptual art

Elephants painting? Selfness and the emergence of self states as illustrated in conceptual art

Journal of Analytical Psychology, 2009, 54, 619–635 Michael Horne, Seattle, USA Abstract: The traditional view of the self is that of a singular entity whose ground is an inherent function of the mind. The more recent conception of the self is moving toward the social constructionist concept that its ground is the discourses of the particular culture into which one is born. These two divergent views have created an irresolvable binary of inner/outer that limits their explanatory … Read entire article »

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Evil acts not evil people: their characteristics and contexts

Evil acts not evil people: their characteristics and contexts

Journal of Analytical Psychology, 2008, 53, 669–690 Michael Horne, Seattle, US Abstract: The problem of evil has vexed philosophers and theologians for centuries and anthropologists, sociologists, psychoanalysts and analytical psychologists in more recent times. Numerous theories have been proposed but there is still little agreement on such basic questions as the nature of evil, what constitutes and motivates an evil act, and how we resolve conflicts between individuals and groups in which evil acts are … Read entire article »

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There is no ‘truth’ outside a context: implications for the teaching of analytical psychology in the 21st century

Journal of Analytical Psychology, 2007, 52, 127–142 Michael Horne, Seattle, USA Abstract: Humans are from birth embedded in a historical and contemporary context of meanings. This always constrains their theoretical and practical activities. In this paper, I will be suggesting that there are no guiding ‘truths’ outside such contexts. In order to understand the foundations of any concept or new idea, it is important to comprehend the context in which it is embedded. Candidates and some of their teachers have very little knowledge of the intellectual context in which Jung or any other analytic theorist wrote. As a result, the analytic ‘founders’ are often believed to have discovered ‘truths’ transcending the context of history and of everyday life. They were, however, as much creative synthesizers as pure originators. I propose that the … Read entire article »

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The universe of our concerns: the human as person in the praxis of analysis

Journal of Analytical Psychology, 2004, 49, 33–48 Michael Horne, Seattle, Washington Abstract: Since its inception, psychoanalysts and analytical psychologists have used the reductionistic methods of science to explain both human development and analytic practice. The most recent iteration of this tendency uses attachment as the explanatory principle. This disposition has created theories that understand the human solely as an organism. While this is a satisfactory way to view human development, it is not appropriate for the practice of analysis. In this context, the human must be viewed as a person that is explicable in his/her own terms. Interpretation based on reductionism eliminates personhood. Humans appear as persons in ‘the feeling of what happens’ or of ‘being there’, and, on the basis of this experience, develop stories in which their personhood … Read entire article »

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Philosophical Assumptions in Freud, Jung and Bion: Questions of Causality.

Journal of Analytical Psychology, 2000, 45, 109–121 Michael Horne, Seattle, WA; Angela Sowa, Palo Alto, CA; David Isenman, San Francisco, CA Abstract: The historical development of concepts of causality in philosophy is described. Since the Enlightenment and the growth of science, exponents of the two most important concepts, determinism and teleology, have been in conflict. At the inception of psychoanalysis at the end of the nineteenth century this conflict was particularly intense. It was the cause of the first major schism in psychoanalysis between Jung and Freud. Psychoanalytic theorists have continued to disagree over this issue. Post-modernist philosophy has abolished all metaphysics and therefore called into question concepts of psychic causality. Parallel to, but uninfluenced by this development, Bion has developed a psychoanalytic conceptualization which may be seen as transcending … Read entire article »

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